When fish fall ill for no apparent reason, in most cases the cause of the
problem derives from one or several water quality issues. Improper water
parameters and/or uncontrolled toxic nitrogen compounds have a negative
impact on the wish, placing incredible stress that leads to weakened immune systems.
Because well-maintained aquariums still contain dormant types of parasites
and diseases, a weakened immune system makes a fish susceptible to these
hidden dangers. Typically, a disease or parasite infestation is not so
obvious until the adverse condition is in its later stages.
Solving Water Quality Problems
Ensure that the temperature and pH are at the adequate levels for the species
of fish you have in your aquarium. Then, test for toxic nitrogen compounds
– ammonia and nitrite (NO2) should measure at 0, and nitrate (NO3)
should be well under 40 ppm.
However, if the toxic nitrogen compounds are not at the recommended levels
mentioned above, begin changing about 25% of the water every other day
until they these levels are obtained. Adjust the replacement water temperature
to roughly that of the aquarium, and treat it with adequate tap water
conditioners, such as Amquel Plus or Prime. Tap water conditioner will
also neutralize toxic nitrogen compounds for approximately 48 hours.
Once these compounds are under control, change about 25% of the water every
week. Feed no more than the fish eat in a couple of minutes, and avoid
overcrowding. While you conduct your routine partial water changes, siphon
debris off the substrate surface. Only deep clean about 1/3 of it at any
week, since the beneficial bacteria related to the nitrogen cycle live
mainly in the substrate and filter elements.
Change filter elements infrequently and not all at once. In addition, never
do it in the same week when you partial deep clean the substrate. If a
filter element experiences a clog, swish it gently in used aquarium water
to remove the debris.
For more information,
contact Living Art Aquatic Design, Inc. and
request a quote today.