Whether you have a
saltwater aquarium, one of the most common issues aquarists and hobbyists face is
maintaining a constant pH level. Many of them fail to learn why a consistent
pH level is required in the aquarium and what contributing factors influence
The Basics of pH
The pH of water is measured on a scale which ranges from 0 to 14. A reading
of 7 is considered neutral, while values below 7 are acidic and values
above 7 are alkaline. A body of water’s pH level based on numerous
factors, such as chemical concentration and the presence of trace materials.
It is imperative to understand that different species of fish are adapted
to various pH levels. So a certain level that works for one type of fish
may not work for another. You must do some research before adding any
fish to your tank.
The Importance of pH
Maintaining a constant pH can help your aquarium become healthy for your
fish. For example, if your pH level drops below 6, the nitrification bacteria
which combats ammonia and nitrites – which are both toxic compounds
to fish – will start to die off. Failing to maintain a consistent
pH level can cause the ammonia level in your tank to fluctuate.
The following are ways to raise your pH:
Change the water. If you do not change the water of your aquarium, the pH level in your
aquarium will decrease. Routine water changes can effectively raise it
back up to the level of your tap water. If you notice that your aquarium
has a deviating or fluctuating pH, then do a partial water change of 30% to 40%.
Use aeration. An increase in oxygen concentration can decrease carbon dioxide concentration.
Less carbon dioxide results in a higher pH, so increasing the aeration
can help raise the pH.
Use rocks or driftwood. Adding any one of these items in your aquarium increases the pH level.
Limestone, as well as crushed or petrified coral, works well.
Add baking soda. Adding baking soda will also raise the pH. However, if you just add it
once and forget it, it will not be very effective. Ensure that you add
baking soda in your tank constantly, but not too much at one time. As
a rule of thumb, add one teaspoon of baking soda per five gallons of water.
For more information,
contact Living Art Aquatic Design, Inc. and
request a quote today.